The different forms of incentives provided in the renewable natural resources sector (RNR) are mainly targeted at realizing the goals of food and nutritional security, enhancement of rural livelihood and reduction of the high import dependency. Even though, these incentives are relatively small, they are considered positive in terms of their contribution but their impacts on biodiversity are yet to be assessed. In the Forestry sector, subsidized timber and the right to collect NWFPs are generally perceived to be harmful since these resources are extracted on an ad-hoc basis from unmanaged forests. The Integrated Conservation and Development Progammes is seen as a positive incentive, albeit with sustainability issues. Therefore, the focus of this target is on ascertaining the impacts of incentives on biodiversity for appropriate interventions.
National Target 3: By 2020 incentives harmful to biodiversity are reformed and positive incentives are enhanced.