Conservation and Protection Status

Data on the conservation status of species is based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, and the list of protected species found in Bhutan is extracted from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Forests and Nature Conservation Act of Bhutan (FNCA) 1995, and Forests and Nature Conservation Rules and Regulations (FNCRR) 2017. 

1. Protected species of FNCA 1995 and FNCRR 2017
The number of species protected in Bhutan by the Forest and Nature Conservation Act (FNCA) 1995 and Forest and Nature Conservation Rules and Regulations (FNCRR) 2017 are provided according to taxonomic classifications. Some of the protected species are however overlapping in both the legislations. All the protected species in FNCA 1995 fall under Schedule I of the Act. A total of 68 species are protected by both the FNCA 1995 and FNCRR 2017.


IUCN Red List & CITES species

This publication primarily provides data on species having IUCN Red List categories of Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), or Critically Endangered (CR) and/or a listing within Appendix I or II of CITES. In terms of known conservation status, either limited data is available for all the taxonomic groups or the data is deficient. Therefore, currently, conservation status data for only 134 species from the kingdom Animalia and Plantae are published in this publication. Of these, 21 species are Critically Endangered (CR), 43 species Endangered (EN), 70 species Vulnerable (VU), Brugmansia suaveolens is Extinct in the Wild (EW) and another plant species, Eulophia, stenopetala is Extinct (EX).

A total of 513 species are protected by CITES against over-exploitation through international trade. It includes 40 species of fauna and three species of flora in Appendix I, plus 56 species of fauna and 414 species of flora in Appendix II. Globally, around 8,500 species of fauna and 30,000 species of flora are protected by CITES.

image526 - IUCN

Species Listed in CITIES Appendices :


Source: Biodiversity Statistics of Bhutan 2017