Biodiversity in Bhutan
Bhutan is known to the outside world as a country with rich biodiversity. The tiny nation of Bhutan ranks among the most biodiverse in the world. Located in the Himalaya area of Asia, Bhutan has an incredible range of habitat type. The southern part of Bhutan nearest to India is warm and supports wildlife that is usually associated with a tropical-jungle climate. As one progresses north, the wildlife changes according as the elevation increases. In much of Bhutan, it is quite cool - even in the summer. High in the Himalayan mountains, there is snow year round and this is an area inhabited by incredibly hardy animals and plants.
Currently, Bhutan is home to 11,248 known species from the following kingdoms: Animalia,
Plantae, Chromista, Eubacteria, Fungi, and Protista. The two largest known kingdoms are Plantae
and Animalia, which together account for 93% of all species. The smallest kingdom is Protista,
which accounts for only two species (less than 1% of all species).
As of 2017, a total of 11,248 species within all biodiversity taxa have been recorded in Bhutan. Of
this, 5,114 species belong to Animalia, 5,369 species to Plantae, 690 to Fungi, 55 to Chromista,
18 species to Eubacteria, two species to Protista, and there are no records for Archaebacteria.
Innumerable rivers wind through the valleys of Bhutan. Waterfalls are everywhere, tucked in between the cliffs and draining into the rivers and streams. More than 70% of the country is covered with forests (or other communities of native vegetation), and constitution of Bhutan mandated that there must be 60% of Forest cover for all time to come. The forests that grow between the riverbanks and the mountain peaks include a variety of trees, such as bamboo, cypress, and the rhododendron.